One and the same civilization is able to simultaneously generate such different things as poems TS Eliot hits and Tin Pan Alley, Braque painting – and the cover of the magazine “Saturday Evening Post”. All four swatches are culture and, obviously, are part of the same culture and products of the same company. In this case, however, the relationship between these phenomena appears finishes. How much should be broad vision of culture, to keep in sight of the poem Eliot poem and Eddie Gest, and establish between them full of new meanings relationship ?! Do not indicate whether the disparity of different phenomena within a single cultural tradition, has always thought and continue to be considered self-evident, that this disparity in the nature of things? Or is it something completely new and inherent in our time?
The answer to this question we find, remaining only in a purely aesthetic studies. It seems to me necessary and close study of nontrivial relations of aesthetic experience specific, not abstract individual with the social and historical context in which this experience is actually formed. As a result, we can get an answer not only to the question posed above, but on the other, and perhaps more important, questions.
Society, losing in the process of developing the ability to justify the immutability of its specific forms, and also destroys the established notions that enable understanding of writers and artists with their audience. Proceeding from the general prerequisites for becoming harder. All caused by religion, authority, tradition, style truths are made doubtful, as a writer or artist is no longer able to anticipate public reaction to them used in the product code and reference. In the past, this situation usually finds resolution in a frozen Alexandrian style, academism, that in order to avoid controversy truly important issues remain bypassed, but creativity was reduced to the masterly execution of formal particulars, while something more meaningful was decided, based on precedents set masters of the past. The same themes are mechanically varied in a hundred different works, not creating anything new: Statius, Chinese poetry, Roman sculpture, academic painting, Victorian architecture.