And not all therefore have the same number of radical, such as, for example, Mallarmé and Valéry, not to mention those poets who have tried to build on one verse only the pure sound of the word. And yet, if you give the simplest definition of modern poetry, its originality will mean that it will be described as more “pure” and “abstract”. As for the other fields of literature, the proposed definition of avant-garde aesthetics here – not a Procrustean bed. Yet, apart from the fact that most of the best of our contemporary novelists have passed school of avant-garde, it is essential that the most ambitious book Gide – a novel about writing a novel, and “Ulysses” and “Finnegans Wake” Joyce are, says a French critic, primarily by reducing the experience to expression for the sake of expression, the expression has a higher value than what it expresses.
In itself, the fact that the avant-garde culture – it is an imitation of imitation, does not cause neither approval nor condemnation. Indeed, this culture carries some elements of the very Alexandrianism which it seeks to overcome. Yates lines cited above relate to Byzantium, which is very close to Alexandria; in a sense this imitation of imitating is a Alexandrianism the highest grade. There is, however, one important difference: the avant-garde moves, while Alexandrianism remains in place. This is what justifies the avant-garde methods and makes them necessary. The need is predetermined by the fact that the other way to create a truly high art and literature does not exist today. To counter this need, throwing terms like “formalism,” “purism,” “ivory tower”, etc. either stupid or dishonest. However, this means that the avant-garde has become what it is by virtue of certain social benefits. The truth is just the opposite.
Closure of avant-garde art on itself, the fact that its best artists – artists for artists and the best poets – poets for poets, a fact that pushed him many of those who had previously been able to admire and appreciate the innovative art and literature, but now not willing or able to be initiated into the secrets of artistic craft. The masses have always remained more or less indifferent to culture in a state of incomplete development. Today, however, such a culture are leaving and those to whom it is, in fact, belongs to – it leaves our ruling class. And it is this type of culture and belongs to the avant-garde. However, no culture can not develop without a social basis, without a source of stable income. Vanguard is this source of revenue provide the elite of the society from which the avant-garde, in his own statement, stepped back, but to which he always remained attached by the umbilical cord of gold. It is really a paradox. But now the elite is rapidly shrinking. Since the avant-garde is only available to us in the presence of a living culture, in the near future cultural inheritance in our society – to survive.